RESEARCH QUESTION 2:
Factors Associated with Levels
or Changes in Symptoms
Methods Notes: All eligible studies must conduct multivariable evaluations of factors associated with mental health symptoms, which may include, for instance, pre-COVID-19 participant or community characteristics, pre-existing health characteristics, and aspects of participants’ experience during COVID-19 (e.g. infection, exposure to infected individuals, work status, lockdown status). Mental health outcomes must be based on validated diagnostic interviews, scales, or sets of items. Both cross-sectional and longitudinal designs are eligible, although cross-sectional designs will only be included if factors assessed were present prior to the outcome (e.g., sex, pre-existing medical condition) and not measured only concurrently. Thus, studies with multivariable analyses that include concurrent mental health or behavioural variables (e.g. information seeking, exercise) will be excluded, as these do not permit interpretation of directionality. Studies with < 100 participants will be excluded.
Summary of Results: Results from initial studies have been posted.
Comment: Comments are forthcoming.
*Abbreviations: NR= Not Reported
*Abbreviations: BMI= Body Mass Index; DMSM= Distress Management Screening Measure; GAD-7= Generalized Anxiety Disorder; IES= Impact of Events Scale; NR= Not Reported; OR= Odds Ratio; SAS= Self-Rating Anxiety Scale; WHO-5= WHO (Five) Wellbeing Index