Acknowledgement

The primary studies by Scott et al., Amoozegar et al., and Prisnie et al. were supported by the University of Calgary Cumming School of Medicine, Alberta Health Services, and the Hotchkiss Brain Institute.). Dr. Patten was supported by a Senior Health Scholar award from Alberta Innovates, Health Solutions. The primary study by Marie et al. was supported by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (THC-135234), Crohn's and Colitis Canada, a Research Manitoba Chair, and the Waugh Family Chair in Multiple Sclerosis (to RAM). The primary study by Bernstein et al. was supported by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (THC-135234) and Crohn’s and Colitis Canada. Dr. Bernstein was supported in part by the Bingham Chair in Gastroenterology. The DEPRESSD Team thank Drs. da Rocha e Silva and Anna P. B. M. Braeken for contributing primary datasets. The primary study by Butnoriene et al. was supported by a grant from the Research Concil of Lithuania (LIG-03/2011). Dr. Jurate Butnoriene, PhD, who did the data collection and analysis as part of her PhD thesis for the primary study by Butnoriene et al., passed away and was unable to participate in this project. Dr. Robertas Bunevicius, MD, PhD (1958-2016) was the Principal Investigator of the primary studies by Butnoriene et al. and Bunevicius et al. but passed away and was unable to participate in this project. The primary study by Chen et al. was supported by the National Science Council, Taiwan (NSC 96 –2314-B-182A-090-MY2). The primary study by Cheung et al. was supported by the Waikato Clinical School, University of Auckland, the Waikato Medical Research Foundation and the Waikato Respiratory Research Fund. The primary study by Costa-Requena et al. was supported by the Catalan Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Research (No. 102/19/2004). The primary study by Cukor et al. was supported in part by a Promoting Psychological Research and Training on Health-Disparities Issues at Ethnic MinorityServing Institutions Grants (ProDIGs) awarded to Dr. Cukor from the American Psychological Association. The primary study by De la Torre et al. was supported by a Research Grant "Ramón Carrillo-Arturo Oñativa for Multicentric Studies” (2015) from the commission “Salud Investiga” of the Ministry of Health and Social Action of Argentina (Grant n° 1853). The primary study by De Souza et al. was supported by Birmingham and Solihull Mental Health Foundation Trust. The primary study by Dorow et al. was supported by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Grant/Award Number: 01GY1155A). The primary study by Honarmand et al. was supported by a grant from the Multiple Sclerosis Society of Canada. The primary study by Fischer et al. was supported as part of the RECODEHF study by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (01GY1150). The primary study by Gagnon et al. was supported by the Drummond Foundation and the Department of Psychiatry, University Health Network. The primary study by Akechi et al. was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Cancer Research (11-2) from the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare and a Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (B) from the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. The primary study by Kugaya et al. was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Cancer Research (9-31) and the Second-Term Comprehensive 10-year Strategy for Cancer Control from the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. The primary study Ryan et al. was supported by the Irish Cancer Society (Grant CRP08GAL). The primary study by Grassi et al. was supported by the European Commission DG Health and Consumer Protection (Agreement with the University of Ferrara — SI2.307317 2000CVGG2-026), the University of Ferrara, and the Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Ferrara. The primary study by Härter et al. was supported by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, the Federation of German Pension Insurance Institutes, and the Freiburg/Bad Saeckingen Rehabilitation Research Network (Grant 01 GD 9802/4). The primary study by Keller et al. was supported by the Medical Faculty of the University of Heidelberg (grant no. 175/2000). The primary study by Kang et al. was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (2009-0087344), and was supported by a Grant of the Korea Health 21 R&D, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea (A102065). The primary study by Jang et al. was supported by a grant from the Korea Health 21 R&D, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea. The primary study by Douven et al. was supported by Maastricht University, Health Foundation Limburg, and the Adriana van Rinsum-Ponsen Stichting. The primary study by Love et al. (2004) was supported by the Kathleen Cuningham Foundation (National Breast Cancer Foundation), the Cancer Council of Victoria and the National Health and Medical Research Council. The primary study by Love et al. (2002) was supported by a grant from the Bethlehem Griffiths Research Foundation. The primary study by Löwe et al. was supported by the medical faculty of the University of Heidelberg, Germany (Project 121/2000). Dr. Marrie was supported by the Waugh Family Chair in Multiple Sclerosis and the Research Manitoba Chair. The primary study by Navines et al. was supported in part by the Spanish grants from the Fondo de Investigación en Salud, Instituto de Salud Carlos III (EO PI08/90869 and PSIGEN-VHC Study: FIS-E08/00268) and the support of FEDER (one way to make Europe). The primary study by Massardo et al. was supported by Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica (CONICYT) grant # PFB12/2007 and Fondo Nacional de Desarrolo Científico y Tecnológico (FONDECYT; grant # 1110849). The primary study by Matsuoka et al. was supported by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare through Research on Psychiatric and Neurological Disease and Mental Health (16190501, 19230701 and 20300701). The primary study by Hartung et al. was supported by the German Cancer Aid within the psychosocial oncology funding priority program (grant number 107465). The primary study by Consoli et al. was supported by grants from the French Society of Dermatology and the University Hospital of Saint Etienne. The primary study by McFarlane et al. was supported by an Australian Government National Health and Medical Research Council program grant. Dr. O'Donnell was supported by grants from NHMRC Program (1073041) during the conduct of the study. The primary study by O'Rourke et al. was supported by the Scottish Home and Health Department, Stroke Association, and Medical Research Council. The primary study by Sia et al. (PIs: Pasco and Williams) was supported by the Victorian Health Promotion Foundation (ID 91-0095) and the National Health and Medical Research Council (ID 628582; 299831; 251638; 509103; 1026265; 009367; 1104438). The primary study by Sanchez-Gistau et al. was supported by a grant from the Ministry of Health of Spain (PI040418) and in part by Catalonia Government, DURSI 2009SGR1119. The primary study by Gould et al. was supported by the Transport Accident Commission Grant. The primary study by Bayon-Perez et al. was supported by a grant from the Instituto de Investigación Hospital 12 de Octubre (i + 12). Dr. Pulido was an investigator from the Intensification of Research Activity Program of the Instituto de Investigación Hospital 12 de Octubre (i + 12) during the conduct of the study. The primary study by Lees et al. was supported by a ‘start-up’ research grant from the British Geriatric Society, Scotland. The primary study by Reme et al. was supported by the Research Council of Norway. The primary study by Rooney et al. was supported by the NHS Lothian Neuro-Oncology Endowment Fund. The primary study by Schwarzbold et al. was supported by PRONEX Program (NENASC Project) and PPSUS Program of Fundaçao de Amparo a esquisa e Inovacao do Estado de Santa Catarina (FAPESC) and the National Science and Technology Institute for Translational Medicine (INCT-TM). The primary study by Azah et al. was supported by Universiti Sains Malaysia. The primary studies by Patel et al. (2010 & 2011) were supported by the University of Sydney Cancer Research Fund. The primary study by Simard et al. was supported by IDEA grants from the Canadian Prostate Cancer Research Initiative and the Canadian Breast Cancer Research Alliance, as well as a studentship from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. The primary study by Singer et al. (2009) was supported by a grant from the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (no. 01ZZ0106). The primary study by Singer et al. (2008) was supported by grants from the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (# 7DZAIQTX) and of the University of Leipzig (# formel. 1-57). The primary study by Meyer et al. was supported by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). The primary study by Stafford et al. (2014) was supported in part by seed funding from the Western and Central Melbourne Integrated Cancer Service. The primary study by Stafford et al. (2007) was supported by the University of Melbourne. The primary study by Stone et al. was supported by the Medical Research Council, UK and Chest Heart and Stroke, Scotland. The primary study by Phan et al. was supported by The Government of Western Australia, Department of Health (Grant number G1000794). The primary study by de Oliveira et al. was supported by CNPq and Fapemig, Brazil. The primary study by Pedroso et al. (2018) was supported by FAPEMIG (APq-03539-13). The primary study by Pedroso et al. (2016) was supported by Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (Fapemig) (APq-03539-13). The primary study by Tiringer et al. was supported by the Hungarian Research Council (ETT 395). The primary study by Tschorn et al. is part of the study “CDCare - Supply of patients with coronary artery disease and comorbid Depression: A Patient Oriented Needs Analysis". CDCare was funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF; 01GY1154). The primary study by Turner et al. was supported by a bequest from Jennie Thomas through Hunter Medical Research Institute. The primary study by Walterfang et al. was supported by Melbourne Health. The primary study by Lee et al. (2017) was supported by a grant from the Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taiwan (CMRPG8A0581). The primary study by Lee et al. (2016) was supported by a grant from Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taiwan (CMRPG891321).